Three Basic Steps Of Farming

Comments are closed Permalink

Farming is actually not as easy as it looks. It requires a lot of time, money & effort. The essence of farming comes with knowledge of the plant through experience and learning. If you wish to be a farmer, first you must start on a small scale, such as planting a vegetable plot in your garden. Then you can slowly evolve into mainstream farming. It is a complicated task, completed over a long period of time. Below, the basic steps have been narrowed into three essential procedures. Go here for more informationr regarding strata cleaning and maintenance. 

Planting

First you have to prepare the soil. Dig deep enough for the roots to grow and fill it with organic waste. Then select the suitable crop. You must consider the price, market demand, climate, quality of the land & productivity and compare it to other possible alternatives. When it comes to sowing the land, optimal weather conditions and correct methods are important. In terms of irrigation, amount of water, frequency & timing are relevant. Then let the crops grow. Do not forget to do occasional plowing, weeding and fertilizing at the appropriate times.

Harvesting

There is a tendency among farmers to harvest crops either too early or too late. This could be due to the necessity to supply the product on time or because of excess crop. In order to avoid these extremes, harvesting should take place at the right time using the correct methods. For example, if you take sugarcane harvesting, manual harvesting is costly and time-consuming while mechanical harvesting is quicker and simpler due to usage of machinery such as cane harvesters. But modern technology comes with a price too. Using machine such as cane harvesters not only result in unemployment in rural areas but also lead to the creation of marginal farmers in small, fragmented and irregular farms who produce low quality products.

Storage

Post-harvest handling mainly concerns of proper crop storage. It is essential to ensure that the product is safe until the purchase. You need to check whether any part of the product is damaged or diseased before you store it. Though some prefer traditional underground storage rooms, the modern means of storage is done through the use of containers. These should be strong enough and properly ventilated. Common storage practices include, air circulation, humidity control & temperature control.

Though these are the main steps of farming you need to know, the procedure can be expanded into seven necessary methods, namely; Preparation of soil, selection of seed, sowing, irrigation, weeding, protection from pests and insects like pest control services and food processing plant cleaning, harvesting and storage.